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Changes That Occur In Your Body After A Vaginal Delivery

After having a baby, all you want to do is stare at the beautiful little life you created all day long. But every mother needs to allow her body to relax for some time. Of course, your baby does need to be watched over, but if you don’t look after yourself, you won’t be able to look after the tiny tot. Knowing what changes your body is undergoing will help you understand why you need to take rest.

Following are the changed that occur in your body after a vaginal delivery:

CHANGE IN THE UTERUS:

In order to accommodate the baby during the pregnancy, the uterus gets stretched and after the baby is delivered the uterus contracts and reaches its normal size. During the first few days of delivery, you will notice a hard lump in the lower part of the abdomen which is nothing but the uterus which has contracted to half the size just before your delivery and it shrinks rapidly in the next few weeks. There might be some cramping occasionally especially when you breastfeed.

BLEEDING:

It is normal to have vaginal bleeding for 2 to 6 weeks after delivery and the discharge from the vag!na after delivery is called LOCHIA. The amount of bleeding varies from day to day and the colour changes from bright red to watery red or pink. After a few weeks, it will change to yellow, white or clear colour.

BLADDER AND BOWEL FUNCTION:

For months the uterus was pushing on the bladder and during delivery, there would have been pressure on the bladder which can cause the bladder to lose sensation or become numb. You will have the first bowel movement 2 to 3 days after the delivery. It is important to pass urine for every 2 to 3 hours. Drink plenty of fluids and take foods rich in fibre so that the stools are not hard.

FLUID RETENTION:

It is normal to see an increase in the swelling in your legs during the first 1 or 2 weeks after delivery as the body can retain up to 6 litres of water during pregnancy. After delivery, this might tend to collect in your legs and in a few weeks it will come down by itself.

HANDLING PAIN AFTER DELIVERY:

It is common to have pain near the vag!na and in the first 24 hours after delivery, you may even be given an injectable painkiller if you had the pain unbearable. After that, you should be able to manage with painkillers.

RESUMING NORMAL ACTIVITY:

You can start moving around your room as soon as you feel up to it. One month after the delivery, you should be able to completely resume all your normal activities including driving your vehicle.

SEXUAL INTERCOURSE:

After a vaginal delivery, it is usually safe to resume intercourse 6 weeks after birth. By that time, you will have had your postnatal check-up and your obstetrician would have made sure that you have healed well. You may be a little apprehensive about the pain the first few times but you will be comfortable soon.

Remember, even if you have not resumed your periods or are breastfeeding, you can still become pregnant.

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5 Symptoms Of Female Infertility You Should Know About

One of the most joyous moments in a woman’s life is when she finds out she is pregnant. The mere thought of having a child in their midst is enough to bring happiness in not just the mother’s life but that of the entire family.

And thus, it becomes all the more important for the mother to keep a lookout on not only her general health but also on her fertility health as well. Though there are a lot of cases where the mother is unable to conceive and needs to opt for alternative methods, there are, however, some signs and symptoms that can tell you that you might be edging towards infertility. So, in order to help you keep an eye out for them, we have made a list of 5 such signs.

1. Abnormal uterine bleeding

Fibroids are generally known to cause abnormal uterine bleeding. Fibroids are basically benign tumours that form when the muscle tissue in the uterus overgrows. These fibroids, however, are also known to be a cause of infertility. Thus, it is important that you take treatment or consult a doctor.

2. Facial hair growth

The testosterone hormone which is also known as the male sex hormone is actually present in females too. But, in women, it is present in low levels. However, there are chances that due to an increase in the testosterone levels, you might notice more facial hair than normal, especially on the upper lip or chin. Abnormal hair can also sprout up on the chest and abdominal region while you experience hair thinning on the front of your scalp. In order to get pregnant, it is important that this hormonal imbalance is cured first.

3. Periods going haywire or not coming at all

Yes, an absence of periods is actually one of the first markers of the woman being pregnant in most of the cases. But, in some cases, however, missing periods are actually a sign of infertility. And not just absent periods, if your periods have started becoming more painful or have changed their schedule and come at irregular times then that too is a sign that your down below is going a bit haywire and you might be inching towards infertility.

4. Pain in the back, pelvis or abdomen

PID can cause scar tissue to develop in the fallopian tubes. These scars or abscesses make it hard for the egg to reach the womb, creating an additional hurdle for pregnancy. It has actually been seen that almost 1 in 10 cases of PID results in infertility, with the risk ever increasing the longer treatment is delayed.

5. Excess pain during or after having sex

Sex is not meant to be painful. But if you are experiencing pain during or even after intercourse then endometriosis might be the issue. This condition is known to be a major cause of infertility. And that is not all. Besides feeling pain around sex, your bowel movements too might become painful. If something like this happens then it recommended that you consult your doctor immediately.

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Various Foods That Are Harmful To Your Vaginal Health

When we talk about the overall health of the body then we should even take care of the vaginal health as well. Most of the women are ignorant about the vaginal health and thus they undergo a lot of sexual problems like vaginitis, yeast infection, vaginal itching, bacterial infection etc.

Thus, in order to avoid these problems, one must take care of the vaginal health as well. A lot of our eating habits are responsible for the unhealthy vaginal condition. If you are consuming unhealthy food and other products which harm your vag!na then you must stop doing it right away.

Let’s discuss what are the various foods that a woman should avoid eating to take good care of their vag!na.

What are the various foods which are harmful to the vaginal health?

Eating too many sweets: Most of us love to eat sweets but it is not a healthy practice. We need to keep a check on the level of sugar in the body as it may increase the chances of yeast infection in the vag!na. Too much sugar makes a way for yeast and bacterial infection.

Onion: The food items with bad odour lead to the problem of vaginal odour as well. Eating onion leads to the changes in the bacteria present in the vag!na. Thus, it eventually leads to the changes in the vaginal odour as well.

Broccoli: Consumption of broccoli might change the vaginal odour. Though broccoli is one of the healthiest food, so don’t completely stop eating it. Just make sure you don’t eat it when you are going to have sexual intimacy with your partner.

Fried food: Fried food is loaded with a lot of fats. Too much consumption of fat leads to the problem of bacterial vaginitis. However, consumption of these foods in a limited quantity can keep the vag!na healthy. But try to avoid it as much as you can.

Alcohol: When you consume too much alcohol, it leads to the problem of dehydration. It leads to the problem of low moisture in the body. Thus, the vag!na becomes dry and there is a lack of natural lubrication in it. Therefore one must drink alcohol in moderation.

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Vaginal Discharge During And After Pregnancy – Everything You Need To Know

If you’re secreting (Discharge) certain liquids during or after pregnancy and you’re unsure of what it is, this article is written for you.

These vaginal discharges you experience in this phase could be of different kinds and due to different reasons. Let us look at them below:

1. Yeast Infection

You may have had it or heard of it, but it is a common form of vaginal discharge. It has no odour and is white in colour with a cottage cheese like texture. It may cause your vaginal area to become sore or even cause pain, but it is easy to cure it with proper medication.

There is nothing to worry about. With hormonal imbalances, a majority of pregnant women get it and, as we told you above, it is easy to treat with proper medication.

2. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

The second most common instance is if you’ve any STD due to unprotected sex, especially during pregnancy. The substance that you discharge here is either yellow or greenish-yellow in colour with an awful smell. The most common STD found in women is trichomoniasis, which results in this kind of discharge. We suggest you consult your gynaecologist in case you find yourself to be secreting it.

3. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

This is when the bacteria residing in your vag!na decides to act up a little too much, causing a grayish-white vaginal discharge with a fishy smell or basically, an unpleasant smell. Your vaginal area might burn while you pee and if not treated on time, it can cause a membrane rupture in your uterus or lead to preterm labour. Be careful and make sure to consult your doctor.

4. Amniotic Fluids

Amniotic fluids are something you have in your uterus and it has everything your baby needs in terms of energy. This is what provides the baby with nutrients and immunity. You may see some secretion throughout your pregnancy, but it reduces drastically by the time you’ve the 36th week as your uterus is almost prepared for delivery now. But if you see a leak in your amniotic fluid (and only an ultrasound can tell you that), what you’ve caught is oligohydramnios.

Consult your gynaecologist if you’re still experiencing vaginal discharges in your third trimester towards your delivery date.

5. Lochia

Lochia is postpartum vaginal discharge due to the thin lines removing themselves out of the uterus post delivery. You may see a pinkish-red discharge that is usually heavy until the fourth-day post delivery. It subsides by the time you make it to the tenth day with only a little yellowish-white discharge.

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7 Ways You Can Take Care Of Vaginal Thrush

What Is Vaginal Thrush?

So basically, vaginal thrush is nothing but another term for what is commonly called yeast infection, which may develop due to a number of causes working as the source. You experience vaginal thrush when a particular kind of yeast (fungus) called Candida albicans outgrows its usual amount around and on the vaginal area. Popularly known as only candida, it is present in your intestinal tract and your vaginal area, but in a restricted amount.

Candida is generally kept in control by a kind of bacteria called lactobacillus, which is friendly enough to stop it as soon as it surpasses its standard amount in the body. However, in case there is any change in the normalcy of lactobacillus secretion in your body, there is an immediate drop in your immunity level and it fails to keep a check on the candida generation. Hence, you develop a yeast infection or vaginal thrush.

Symptoms

1. Vaginal discharge – You may experience a white, cottage cheese-like vaginal discharge.

2. Redness and irritation around the vaginal area.

3. Soreness that may cause itching and pain during urination or sex.

Probable causes

1. Pregnancy (hormonal changes might cause candida to thrive)

2. Cancer (vaginal thrush is a common side effect of chemotherapy)

3. Diabetes (higher sugar level lead to the outgrowth of candida)

4. Inappropriate drug consumption

In case you’re experiencing recurring bouts of vaginal thrushes (twice in six months), we suggest you consult a doctor right away. Do not take it lightly if you’re having vaginal bleeding too. These may be signs of a severe case of vaginal thrushes that need immediate attention.

Check if your partner has a history of any kind of STDs or we suggest you both go get a routine check up done for STDs.

Vaginal thrushes are usually curable and are treated by either over-the-counter creams or even natural remedies that are not that hard to follow.

Let us look at 7 ways you can take care of vaginal thrush.

1. Change Your Choice In Lingerie

Vaginal thrush could be due to tight lingerie. Fabric like nylon and polyester tend to be tight, cause a hindrance in air flow and block moisture around the vaginal area. You should know that yeast only grows in moist and blocked areas and hence, it is possible for you to develop infection wearing lingerie made of any of the mentioned fabrics. We suggest you switch to cotton lingerie, as it ensures enough airflow.

2. Include Yogurt In Your Diet

Yogurt contains probiotics that help control yeast outgrowth. It also maintains a proper balance of all the bacteria present. In case you don’t like yogurt, switch to probiotic supplements.

3. Boric Acid

Boric acid has proven to be really helpful in treating yeast infection. It often works better than a lot of antifungal medicines, though we suggest you consult a doctor before consuming it and have it medically prescribed if possible.

4. Add Vinegar To Your Water During Shower

Vinegar helps your acidity level remain normal. Your vaginal pH must be between 3.5 to 4.5, and vinegar mixed with water helps you achieve it in case your acidity level there is low. Vinegar helps you balance the pH level and keep it acidic, which is good to fight the outgrowth of yeast in the area.

Hence, add 4-5 tablespoons of vinegar in your water in a bucket of water and mix it well before you take bath. This will help you cure vaginal thrush.

5. Use A Lubricant During Sex

Make sure your vag!na is lubricated enough during sex. Enough lubrication avoids yeast outgrowth due to dry friction.

6. Avoid Using Soaps In The Area

Harsh chemicals in soaps remove the mucus from the vaginal area that contain friendly bacteria to fight yeast outgrowth. Use a mild cleanser, odourless and rub it around gently.

7. Cut Down On Sugar

Irregular sugar control can lead to yeast infection too. In case you notice any signs of the symptoms, cut down on food containing sugar such as cold beverages and beer. Switch to sugar-free foods and avoid any sweet in general for a while and you’ll be good.

Do not self-diagnose vaginal thrush. These symptoms may be for other problems too, so visit a doctor and implement these remedies after you receive the green signal from the doctor.

Take care!

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How to Treat Scars After a C-Section Delivery

C-section scars can take a while to completely disappear. While wound of the incision heals quite fast, a faint line above the pubic hair line remains visible for quite some time. The good news is both vertical and horizontal incision scars can be dealt with ease at home without going through complicated skin procedures. The planning should start right from the hospital stage. A pregnant woman should have a discussion with the doctor about the staples, glues and the stitches a doctor uses and what is the length of the scars that she might expect after the baby is delivered.

Here is the list of options that a young mother has in order to get rid of the scars.

Laser therapy:

There are many types of laser therapy available out there. While some soften the texture, some help to eradicate the skin discolouration. It is a good idea to get one therapy done immediately after the stitches are removed. However, consult a dermatologist or an OB-Gyn to understand whether laser therapy is suitable for you and how many sessions are necessary to get the desired texture of the scar.

Silicone Sheeting: 

The silicone sheets are readily available over the counter and are not very expensive compared to cosmetic process such as skin grafting. Research has found that silicone sheets help to flatten and soften the scars. It comes particularly handy if a woman is suffering from hypertrophic or keloid scars. Silicone sheeting should start only after 12 weeks of the C-section. Visible changes can be witnessed only after using it for a month or so. Silicone is also available in the form of creams and gels.

Stay away from the Sun: 

Sunlight can be pretty lethal to the scars. It makes the scars more noticeable by making it lighter or darker around the surrounding skin. It, therefore, makes sense to hide the scars from sunlight.

Steroid injections: 

If the scar is aggressive in nature, it makes sense to take a steroid injection. Steroids can help to reduce the inflammation and makes the scar less noticeable. A doctor can push steroids during the time of stitching or the steroid can be pushed once the scar heals. These injections are required to be taken once in a month for six months at stretch. Steroid injections may or may not get covered by insurance.

Scar revision: 

This is a surgical procedure. A surgeon completely removes the skin around the scar and sutures the new skin with precision. This ensures that the scar is thin and is less noticeable. Scar revision suits those with hypertrophic or keloid scars. The cost involved in this process is dependent on the length of the scar and can be done with a local anaesthesia.

Tummy tuck: 

Tummy tuck or abdominoplasty can be considered if a person has loose skin on the stomach. This is a procedure that involves cutting off the extra fats and carefully stitching the incision together. This procedure is a good option for those who have a long scar. If, however, the scar is small, this procedure might not be very effective.

Some home remedies

– A herbal oil massage can help to break the collagen and soften the scar tissue causing compression and increasing circulation.

– Applying Aloe Vera gel to the scar region can lighten the stretch marks.

– Some other good home remedy option includes vitamin E oil, Vaseline, lemons, honey, turmeric, cocoa butter etc.

However, these home remedies should be applied after prior consultation with a dermatologist or OB-gyn.

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Common Mistakes That You Need To Keep In Mind During Your Period

Periods are a painful time for every woman every month! This phase is full of stress and pain for the woman. Apart from this, there tend to be a lot of changes in the nature of women during periods. Women go through tension, irritation and a lot of troubles at this time and women have to take special care of themselves. Even though women may take great care of themselves at this time, there are some mistakes that may inadvertently cause harm to women’s health. Today, through this blog, we are going to tell you about few common things that you need to keep in mind during your period.

1. Unprotected S3x

During periods, if you have sex without a condom, it puts you at the risk of infection. So stay away from sex or unprotected sex especially during this time.

2. Do Not Care About Pads

Do not take any risks with your sanitary napkins during your periods. You must change your pad every three to four hours. Keep the pad for a long time will increase the risk of infection. If you change the pad every few hours, you will not only stay away from the infection but will also stay away from the trouble of bad odour.

3. Do Not Skip Meals

In the days of Period, the woman’s body is very weak and in this case, the woman should take special care of her diet. Do not skip food during your periods. Although women get so busy at work that they leave their meals. If you too are doing something like this then it is absolutely wrong, because doing so will not only increase your cramps. Rather, you can also have experience weakness. So eat at the right and be healthy.

4. Make The Right Choice Of Clothes

The right choice of clothing is important during the periods. Dress as comfortable as possible, don’t wear tight clothes and definitely not the light colours. Choose loose clothing and dark clothes.

5. Do Not Work Too Heavy

Stay away from manual labour such as lifting, exercising or running during periods. This can increase the chances of pain and cramps in your back and your problems may increase further during periods.

6. Do Not Get Threading Or Waxing Done

It is absolutely wrong if you are thinking of threading or waxing during the periods. Stay away from these things at this time, if you do waxing or threading during periods, the pain will be higher than normal days, because at this time your skin becomes more sensitive.

If you have more problems during periods, then relax as much as you can and keep these things in mind. Apart from this, if you have a problem related to periods, do not ignore it completely and contact your doctor.

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Essential Things Women Should Do After An Intercourse

People hardly care about after intercourse hygiene. This is an essential part which many people miss. Especially women should be extra careful after having an intercourse. Intercourse involves a lot of genital engagement which can make your health worse if you do not care about yourself right after having the sex. Sometimes, it invites many genital infections which directly make your physical health worse. Hence, to make you aware, we have come up with some important tips which every woman should do after having an intercourse. 

Consume probiotic foods:
After having an intercourse, it is very important that what you eat, should be right. So, choose a bowl full of yoghurt as your body now needs a lot of probiotics now. This amazing substance can again provide you with those good bacteria which you have washed off after having the sex.

Do not use soap to wash your genitals:
Your vag!na is super delicate and sensitive. So, it is not at all good to use soap to wash it. You can use a feminine wash definitely but avoid washing it with any soap. Soap contains harsh chemicals which can hamper the pH down there. 

Do not use wet wipes:
Never use a wet wipe to clean your genitals. These wet wipes contain fragrances which can be harmful to your vaginal skin. Other than that, these some of these wipes contain astringent which helps to remove the dirt from the face but not good for your vag!na.

Drink a lot of water:
Drinking a glass of water after having sex can be beneficial for your health because water can easily help your body to flush out the toxins and the bacteria through the pee. That is why it can prevent UTI or any other urinary or genital lobe infection.

Urination is important:
After having an intercourse, you should go for urination. During the sex, your genital gathers many bacteria which can snatch the moisture from your vag!na. That is why you should go for urination to wash out those unwanted bacteria. But do not forget to wash your vag!na with normal water.

Take a hot shower:
A hot shower can make your vag!na stay hydrated and away from all the bacteria after having an intercourse. Moreover, a hot shower can make your body rejuvenated and clear from all the sweating, body odour clear.

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7 Things Your Nipples Say About Your Health

Nipples aren’t just decorative—but you already knew that. Something you may not have known: Your nipples can clue you in to some serious health problems.

If you notice sudden puckering or dimpling of the skin around or on your nipple—particularly if it occurs around just one nipple—call your doctor. This could be a warning sign of brea*st cancer.

Here are 7 more things you need to know about your nipples…

1. NIPPLE DISCHARGE IS OFTEN NORMAL—EVEN IF YOU’RE NOT PREGNANT OR BREASTFEEDING

This discharge (milky, bluish-green, or clear) can occur in most women if the nipple is squeezed, explains Leah S. Gendler, MD, a brea*st surgeon at Morristown Medical Centre in New Jersey. But if you’re not squeezing—and especially if the discharge is bloody and/or coming from just one of your breasts—see a health care professional, Gendler advises. The discharge could be the result of a benign growth, a harmless cyst, or brea*st cancer.

2. THIRD NIPPLES ARE MORE COMMON THAN YOU’D THINK

According to one estimate, up to 27.2 million Americans have a third nipple somewhere on their body. These “supernumerary” nipples are often mistaken for moles or skin tags. Having a third nipple isn’t a problem, and it can easily be removed in an outpatient procedure, explains plastic surgeon Grace Ma, MD, of Peachtree Plastic Surgery in Atlanta. “The entire procedure takes about 30 minutes,” she says, “and recovery is minimal.”

3. EXERCISE CAN CHAFE NIPPLES

A well-fitting sports bra helps, as do non-chafing balms or round Band-Aids applied to the nipples. But if you’re not doing vigorous activity and notice your nipples are red, itchy, scaly, and/or flaking, see your doctor. This could be a sign of Paget’s disease, a rare form of cancer involving the nipple and areola, Gendler says. She adds: “It could also be eczema, so don’t get anxious. Just have your doctor assess.”

 

4. HAIRY NIPPLES ARE NORMAL—EVEN IN WOMEN

Those small bumps around the nipples are normal hair follicles. If you’ve got dark hairs growing on your nipples, pluck, wax, or cut them carefully. If these hair follicles become painful, grow in size, or are itchy and scaly, see your doctor. It could be a sign of infection—or cancer.

 

5. NIPPLE PAIN DURING BREASTFEEDING IS COMMON (AND PREVENTABLE)

Throbbing, burning, cracked, or sore nipples are all common complaints, particularly in the first few weeks of breastfeeding. But if this pain continues, consult a breastfeeding specialist; your baby may not be latching on properly. Engorged breasts can also trigger nipple pain, as can an infection of the nipples triggered by bacteria or Candida yeast, says one Australian study.

6. INVERTED NIPPLES ARE NO CAUSE FOR CONCERN

About 15% of women have inverted nipples from birth, says Z. Paul Lorenc, MD, a plastic surgeon in New York City. “It’s a simple matter of connective tissue retracting the nipple inward,” he explains. “It’s a relatively minor surgical procedure to correct it. We make a tiny incision to release the connective tissue, and the nipple pops out. We can do both nipples under local anesthesia in about an hour.”

7. NIPPLES ARE EROGENOUS ZONES FOR WOMEN (AND FOR SOME GUYS, TOO)

According to researchers at Rutgers University, the sensation from nipple stimulation travels to the same pleasure centres of the brain as sensations from the vag!na, clit0r!s, and cervix. Piercing fans, take note: Nipple piercings may lead to loss of sensation due to nerve damage.

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Causes of sudden increase in the brea*st size

As you grow in age and there are chemical changes in the body, the brea*st size often tends to grow. Besides this, various habits and lifestyle practices also cause a lot of changes in the brea*st size. Thus, one should not ignore if the brea*st size shows an increase.

There are many women who do not pay attention to the change in their brea*st size. With time, there are many changes that the brea*st undergoes. While buying lingerie, women often switch to their old size and do not believe that their size has outgrown. However, as you grow in age, gain weight, adopt unhealthy habits, there comes a slight change in the size of your breasts. One must pay attention to their brea*st size and should not ignore this. Hormonal changes and pregnancy are also few reasons for which there is an alteration in the brea*st size. Let’s discuss what are the causes of increase in the brea*st size.

What are the various reasons for the sudden increase in the brea*st size?

Pregnancy

The heaviness in the brea*st is quite normal and natural during pregnancy. Changes in the hormones are the main reason behind the same. There is a sudden pumping of more blood in the brea*st tissues that leads to increase in the size of the brea*st. In some cases, the size of the brea*st keeps increasing until the 9th month of pregnancy.

brea*st cancer
Inflammatory brea*st cancer also increases the size of the brea*st all of a sudden. Though the possibility is very low, still it happens in some cases. If you are feeling the same, you must visit the doctor. Studies show that women who have a large brea*st size are more prone to brea*st cancer.

Periods

During periods and after the process of ovulation the level of progesterone and estrogen are quite high in the body, thus the size of the brea*st also increases. Besides this, the breasts are quite sensitive during this time. Therefore, there is a possibility of an increase in the brea*st size during periods.

Sexual relationship
During the sexual relationship and foreplay, usually, the brea*st size grows. There is a change in the hormones of the body which increase the size of the breasts and area nearby.

Contraceptive pills

If you consume the contraceptive pill on daily basis, there is a sudden change in the brea*st size. The contraceptive pills increase the level of estrogen in the body that affects the overall size of the brea*st.